Have you ever wondered why the moon seems so bright at night? Did you know that the moon doesn’t create its own light? Instead, it reflects the light of the sun. The moon looks different depending on its position and the location of the sun. That’s how we have different phases of the moon. Astronomers (who are scientists that study everything in the universe beyond Earth’s atmosphere) even have names for when the moon looks different, including supermoon, blood moon, blue moon, harvest moon, and more. Have you ever seen one of these special moon phases?
Today we’re going to check out the basic phases of the moon with a yummy methodology (which means process.)
Fizzlebop Supply List
1. Carefully and slowly twist the two sections of Oreo in opposite directions. This will increase the amount of frosting on one side. Now pull the two sides apart.
FIZZ TIP: If your frosting sticks to both sides, you’ll need to eat the cookie and try again.
2. Once you have a majority of frosting on one side of the Oreo, use the spoon to scoop away frosting according to the Oreo Cookie Moon Phase Guide.
3. Now arrange the cookies in the order of the Oreo Cookie Moon Phase Guide and observe.
FIZZ TIP: If it’s nighttime, look outside and see what phase the moon is in right now.
4. Finally, eat your moon phases and enjoy! Fizzilicious!
Did you know the moon moves about 3.8 cm (almost 1.5 in.) away from the Earth each year? As of early 2023, only twelve humans have walked on the moon, but that’s likely to change in the coming years. Maybe you’ll be one of those humans. If you are, you’ll feel a lot lighter since the moon’s gravity is only 1/6th of the Earth’s gravity. If you do go, be sure to take your copy of Faith and Science with Dr. Fizzlebop with you.
Collecting Your Family’s Data
What phase is the moon currently in?
Which Oreo cookie moon phase tasted best?
Oreo Moon Phase Chart
“We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they help us develop endurance. And endurance develops strength of character, and character strengthens our confident hope of salvation. And this hope will not lead to disappointment. For we know how dearly God loves us, because he has given us the Holy Spirit to fill our hearts with his love.” Romans 5:3-5, NLT
As a young scientist, I often wondered what would happen if I attached enough balloons to a chair. Would they lift me into the air? What if I filled the balloons with something besides helium? Well, I believe in research before starting an experiment, and I also believe in safety first. I never did attempt my idea because I discovered I had a major problem: I’m afraid of heights!
But in my research, I realized that you couldn’t fill a balloon with just anything—in fact, some gases used to fill balloons can be dangerous. It is believed that a famous airship named the Hindenburg caught fire many years ago because of static electricity and a leak of hydrogen gas. The fire spread and destroyed the airship. And if you fill a balloon with water, it won’t float up into the air, though you could sure have a lot of family fun with water balloons. Hydrogen can cause fire, and water is too heavy, so you’ve got to fill your balloon with the right thing to make it work.
Our hearts are the same way. I’m not talking about the muscle in your body that pumps blood, but the heart that allows us to feel and show love. What we put into our hearts matters. If we are around people who use foul language, we may find ourselves eventually using those words ourselves. Or if we spend time with friends who gossip and lie, we may find ourselves doing the same without really thinking about it. If we eat unhealthy foods, our body may become run-down and more likely to get sick. What we consume affects our body, mind, and heart. These things can even change how we view the world and can slowly move us away from God’s plan for our life.
But there’s another way! Read Romans 5:3-5 to see what God wants to do in our hearts.
We can trust that God loves us, and he gives the Holy Spirit to guide us each day and fill our hearts with hope and love. As the challenges of life help us develop strong character traits grounded in our hope of salvation, we’ll draw closer to God. His love will fill our hearts—kind of like the balloon in our experiment—and even spill over to others!
As a family, take a moment to pray for each other by name—that each of you would have the strength and courage to stand strong in your faith, even in the face of adversity (which means a challenge).
Questions for Reflection
We know that God loves us—we can read about how much in John 3:16. List people in your life who love you, and thank God for them!
Greetings! You already know how much I love fizz, and today we get to use a lot—and I mean a lot—of fizz. I feel fizztastic just thinking about it, and you should too! So gather all the scientists in your house and get ready for another fun-filled fizzy experiment.
Fizzlebop Supply List
“Dr. Fizzlebop, what’s happening?”
Did you know that baking soda is considered a base (a compound that can neutralize an acid or react with an acid to form a salt) and vinegar is an acid (a chemical substance that can neutralize or dissolve some substances)? When baking soda and vinegar mix, they cause a chemical reaction—the reaction between the base and the acid creates carbon dioxide gas. And because gas expands, it fills the bottle, but the bottle’s sides don’t grow with the gas. The excess gas goes up into the balloon, causing it to inflate.
Collecting Your Family’s Data
How quickly did the chemical reaction start once the base and acid were combined?
Did the balloon expand to different sizes when you used different amounts of baking soda? If yes, write down your measurement of the balloon’s size every time you used a different amount of baking soda.
Share your answers in the comments below.
Have you ever heard a rooster crow or a chicken cluck? In today’s experiment, we are going to replicate (which means copy) the sound of a chicken. Sound is a wondrous thing: it is invisible yet impactful. You can’t actually see sound, though you can see its effect on something or even feel it yourself. Some sounds are quiet, and some are very loud, and today we’re going to create an amplifier that will make the sound we produce louder and easier to hear. Are you ready?
WARNING! This experiment requires a nail. Safety first!
Fizzlebop Supply List:
1. Plastic drinking cup
3. 24 in (60 cm) yarn or cotton string
Fizz Tip: Nylon string does not work well.
4. Paper clip
5. Paper towels
1. Delicately punch a hole in the center of the bottom of the cup with the nail.
2. Tie one end of the yarn to the center of the paper clip.
3.Push the free end of the yarn through the hole in the cup and pull it through, leaving the paper clip on the outside of the bottom of the cup like an anchor.
4. Rip off a piece of paper towel about the size of a dollar bill, then fold it one time and get it damp in the water.
Fizz Tip: Do not soak the paper towel.
5. Holding the cup upside down, grip it tightly in one hand, then wrap the damp paper towel around the string near the cup.
6. Squeeze the string and pull it down in short jerks so that the paper towel tightly slides along the string. Record what you hear.
“Dr. Fizzlebop, what’s happening?”
The vibrations from the string are nearly silent. However, when you add the cup, it amplifies the vibrations. Have you ever noticed a hole in an acoustic guitar? It’s directly under the strings. This feature is called a soundhole, and it’s used in guitars, mandolins, violins, lutes, and other instruments.
Collecting Your Family’s Data
Do you think the sound would be louder if you used a larger cup? Why or why not?
What other materials might you try rubbing on the string instead of a paper towel? Test them out and record the results below.
*LEAVE YOUR ANSWER IN THE COMMENTS BELOW
Click the button above to read a devotional connected to this experiment.
Welcome back! Last week we began the story of George Washington Carver and paused just after he received the Master’s Degree he had worked so long to earn.
The same year that George earned his degree, Booker T. Washington invited George to move to Alabama to join the faculty of Tuskegee Institute as director of the school’s new agriculture department. Booker, an important African American leader, wanted Tuskegee Institute to teach African Americans practical skills to better themselves as well as achieve better-paying work and eventually, through patience and cooperation, raise their people above the social and political injustices they were currently facing. George, having seen the effectiveness of that approach in his own life, agreed with Booker’s goals and likewise agreed on April 12, 1896, to take the job Booker offered him. George wrote to Booker, “[I]t has always been the one great ideal of my life to be of the greatest good to the greatest number of 'my people' possible and to this end I have been preparing myself these many years; feeling as I do that this line of education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom to our people.”
George’s desire to help others stemmed from his childhood faith. As a boy, George had visited a church near the Carver farm. Then when George lived with the Watkins, Mariah passed her faith on to George along with her knowledge of herbs. George’s year at the Methodist Simpson College continued to develop his faith. Their acceptance of him regardless of his skin color had a marvelous influence. Years after his time there, he recalled, “They made me believe I was a real human being." George’s faith provided another motivation for his transfer to Iowa State Agricultural School; he wanted to develop the scientific abilities God had given him in order to help his people in the best way he could. After attending Iowa State, he spent the rest of his life serving at Tuskegee Institute.
George’s service to students extended far beyond lecturing in his classroom. His ecstatic, exuberant, and entertaining lectures on the magnificence and usefulness of the natural world did indeed cause Booker to observe, “There are few people anywhere who have greater ability to inspire and instruct as a teacher…." But George didn’t just teach about science. On Sunday nights for thirty years he led a Bible class. He also spoke at organizations trying to bring unity to a nation divided by the color of people’s skin. As George’s popularity spread through Tuskegee and beyond, young men, both black and white, came to him to learn how to deal with the difficulties and divisiveness of the world. George sympathized with their problems and pointed them toward faith in a good Creator and ultimate justice. He mentored them, knowing that these young men would shape the future of America. To one of his beloved boys, George wrote: "Not a day passes that I do not think of my boys and often wonder just what they are doing…. It is such an inspiration to me to watch the progress that you and your brother have, and are yet, making, and the future that will doubtless be yours as young aspiring American citizens who must figure into the building up of this great American commonwealth…."
George served many people through his scientific research, too. George saw farmers struggling harder and harder to make their fields grow enough cotton to sell to support themselves. Trying to understand the problem, George used chemistry to examine the dirt. He realized that growing so much cotton for so long in the same fields had used up the nutrients in the dirt. George’s next step was to find an inexpensive, easy solution to the problem that poor farmers without many resources could use. George experimented with rotating crops and demonstrated that temporarily growing peanuts or sweet potatoes instead of cotton would refresh the soil’s nitrogen content and create a better cotton crop the next time cotton was planted in that field. This was a marvelous first step toward a solution, but farmers next needed to be able to use and sell all the peanuts and sweet potatoes they grew. So George went back to experimenting. Tuskegee records that George worked on over 100 different ways to use sweet potatoes (click here for a partial list) and 300 different ways to use peanuts for food, medicine, cosmetics, dyes, and many other needs (some listed here).
George also knew he needed to figure out ways to share his research with the farmers and to convince them to try his ideas since not everyone could or would travel to see his work in person. So George took Booker’s idea of a “traveling agricultural school” and invented the Jessup wagon to bring demonstrations of his research directly to farmers in their own fields and communities, letting farmers see the stupendous results for themselves. George spread his research through writing, too; despite a lack of funds and help, George published forty-four bulletins (a sort of information pamphlet) with titles like, “How to Grow the Peanut & 105 Ways of Preparing it for Human Consumption,” and “Possibilities of the Sweet Potato in Macon Co.” (Tuskegee maintains a full list of George’s bulletins here.)
Read "The canning and preserving of fruits and vegtables in the home" by George Washington Cover @ the button below.
George’s work succeeded and his fame grew. In 1921, George’s presentation on the usefulness of peanuts before the U.S. House of Representatives’ Ways and Means Committee won government protection for the peanut industry and the title “The Peanut Man” for himself. His first college, Simpson College, awarded him an honorary Doctor of Science degree in 1928. At the beginning of George’s career at Tuskegee, virtually no one was growing and selling peanuts. Fifty years later, peanuts were in the United State’s top six major crops. By 1940, the growing and selling of peanuts were second only to cotton in the South. George’s influence reached U.S. national figures like Henry Ford and Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Franklin Roosevelt and extended beyond the Atlantic Ocean; leaders of other nations asked for his advice to help their people. He was even selected to join Britain’s Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. After George passed away on January 5, 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt established a monument in George’s honor near his birthplace in Diamond, Missouri. To this very day, the Missouri Department of Agriculture states on their website, “Dr. Carver and the peanut helped save the economy of the southern part of the U.S.”
George Washington Carver’s success could be measured in many ways, but to George, only one way mattered. As George himself said, “It is not the style of clothes one wears, neither the kind of automobiles one drives, nor the amount of money one has in the bank that counts. These mean nothing. It is simple service that measures success." George’s faith inspired him to use all of his abilities, especially his scientific ones, to bring help and harmony to people. Tuskegee offers the following tribute to the way he combined faith and science:
“Dr. Carver’s practical and benevolent approach to science was based on a profound religious faith to which he attributed all his accomplishments. He always believed that faith and inquiry were not only compatible paths to knowledge, but that their interaction was essential if truth in all its manifold complexity was to be approximated.
“Always modest about his success, he saw himself as a vehicle through which nature, God and the natural bounty of the land could be better understood and appreciated for the good of all people.
“Dr. Carver took a holistic approach to knowledge, which embraced faith and inquiry in a unified quest for truth. Carver also believed that commitment to a Larger Reality is necessary if science and technology are to serve human needs rather than the egos of the powerful. His belief in service was a direct outgrowth and expression of his wedding of inquiry and commitment.”
President Franklin Roosevelt wrote about George, “All mankind are the beneficiaries of his discoveries in the field of agricultural chemistry. The things which he achieved in the face of early handicaps will for all time afford an inspiring example to youth everywhere." The words on George’s gravestone sum up his life well: “He could have added fortune to fame, but caring for neither, he found happiness and honor in being helpful to the world.” Today, let’s follow this marvelous man’s example and never give up learning more about the unique interests God has given to each of us and developing our skills to serve the people around us.
Greetings! Today I want to share the first part of a story with you about a stupendous man whose faith led him to marvelous scientific accomplishments that helped many people. Perhaps you’ve heard of him—he’s sometimes referred to as “The Peanut Man.” But long before he earned that title, he was known as “Carver’s George.” You see, George Washington Carver, the famous scientist who used chemistry and agriculture (the study of farming) to improve the lives and work of many poor Southern farmers, began life as a slave.
George was born, according to his own record, “in Diamond Grove, Missouri, about the close of the great Civil War, in a little one-roomed log shanty, on the home of Mr. Moses Carver…the owner of my mother….” While he was still just a baby, men attacked the Carver farm and captured George, his mother Mary, and his sister in order to sell them in another state. All of Moses Carver’s efforts only recovered baby George. Without any parents to care for him, Moses and Susan Carver raised George themselves, even after the government legally freed all slaves in 1865.
Since George’s poor health wouldn’t allow him to do much physical work, Susan taught him other skills in addition to reading and writing, like cooking, sewing, gardening, and creating home remedies from herbs. George loved learning and found plants especially fascinating. He studied the plants around him and experimented with ways to help them grow better. He became so good at it that neighboring farmers nicknamed him “the plant doctor.”
But George knew there was more to learn beyond the Carver farm. Sometime around age eleven or twelve, George went to live with an African American couple named Andrew and Mariah Watkins so he could study at a one-room school for African Americans. Mariah supplemented his school studies with further training in using herbs to help heal people. George soon learned all he could there and spent the next years of his life moving from town-to-town, working a variety of jobs (including cooking, housework, laundry, and farming) as he tried different schools. He never lost his interest in nature and developed an ability to draw the plants and animals he studied. Finally, in 1880, he completed his high school education in Minneapolis, Kansas.
Even after going to all that effort just to graduate high school, George was still determined to learn more. At first, Kansas’s Highland College accepted his application to enroll in their school. Then, exasperatingly and unfairly, once George arrived and college officials saw the color of his skin, they turned him away. George returned to studying and experimenting on his own. Finally, some white friends, the Milhollands, pushed George to give college another try, and in 1890, Simpson College welcomed him. George started his college career focused on the arts until one of his professors, Etta Budd, persuaded him to pursue botany at Iowa State Agricultural School. George graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree in 1894, something no other African American had achieved before him. At his professors’ request, George continued his education and graduated with his Master of Agriculture Degree in 1896. He was well on his way to living out the words of what became his favorite poem, “Equipment,” by Edgar A. Guest:
Figure it out for yourself, my lad,
You've all that the greatest of men have had,
Two arms, two hands, two legs, two eyes
And a brain to use if you would be wise.
With this equipment they all began,
So start for the top and say, “I can.”
Read the rest of the poem here! Next week I’ll be sharing about all the marvelous ways that George helped improve the lives of many people by using the hard-earned knowledge he had equipped himself with!
Dr. Fizzlebop walks fellow scientists through a super simple, colorful, and FIZZTASTIC experiment about fizz and hearts! Fizzlebop Lab assistants will have a fizzy fun time making these STEAM focused hearts for Valentine's Day. Give you a friend, parent, grandparent, sibling, or the one you love! These Fizzy Heart works for Art will bring happiness to someone you love!
The Lava Lamp Experiment was the second-ever appearance of Dr. Fizzlebop. This episode was created especially for Tyndale Kids' Summer Camp, which launched in 2020 as an effort to reach kids and families with hope during the beginning of the pandemic. This episode led to the creation of Faith and Science with Dr. Fizzlebop devotional and launched the Fizzlebop web series.
Dr. Fizzlebop walks fellow scientists through a wondrous experiment about plans. You'll learn how plants grow through a super simple hands-on experiment with only a few ingredients.
Dr. Fizzlebop leads lab assistants through a simple, yet colorful experiment about reversible substances. Come along on this fizztastic experiment!
I believe in the four Fs: Faith, Family, Fun, and FIZZ!